Blood Pressure

Bhagwati Ayurveda & Panchkarma Research Centre/Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure

Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. Used without further specification, “blood pressure” usually refers to the pressure in large arteries of the systemic circulation. Blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic pressure (maximum during one heart beat) over diastolic pressure (minimum in between two heart beats) and is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), above the surrounding atmospheric pressure.

Blood pressure that is low is called hypotension, and pressure that is consistently high is hypertension. Both have many causes. and may be of sudden onset or of long duration. Long-term hypertension is a risk factor for many diseases, including heart disease, stroke and kidney failure. Long-term hypertension is more common than long-term hypotension, which often goes undetected because of infrequent monitoring and the absence of symptoms.


Rarely, people with chronic high blood pressure might have symptoms such as:

  • dull headaches
  • dizzy spells
  • nosebleeds

When symptoms do occur, it’s usually only when blood pressure spikes suddenly and extremely enough to be considered a medical emergency. This is called a hypertensive crisis.

Hypertensive crisis is defined as a blood pressure reading of 180 milligrams of mercury (mm Hg) or above for the systolic pressure (first number) or 120 or above for the diastolic pressure (second number). It’s often caused by skipping medications or secondary high blood pressure.

If you’re checking your own blood pressure and get a reading that high, wait a few minutes and then check again to make sure the first reading was accurate. Other symptoms of a hypertensive crisis may include:

  • A severe headache or a migraine
  • Severe anxiety
  • Chest pain
  • Vision changes
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleed
After waiting a few minutes, if your second blood pressure reading is still 180 or above, don’t wait to see whether your blood pressure comes down on its own. Call 911 or your local emergency services immediately.


Primary causes of hypertension include unhealthy lifestyle and diet choices such as:
  • Smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Overeating
  • High intake of processed foods and junk foods
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Excessive salt consumption
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Thyroid and adrenal disorders
  • Sleep apnea


The Ayurvedic line of Hypertension treatment is aimed at identifying the root cause of the condition and then administering herbs that can eradicate the problem from its roots. For this to happen, it is imperative that digestion is improved and the digestive fire is strengthened. Secondly, the toxins that have already accumulated in the heart channels have to be eliminated. And lastly, mind relaxation techniques – including meditation, yoga and pranayama – are recommended to ensure that the mind remains calm and stable. It is very important to complete Hypertension treatment and follow all diet and lifestyle recommendations given by the doctor.

Here are some method through which we provide relaxation from Hypertension:

  • Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)
  • Cardamom (Elettaria Cardamomum)
  • Garlic (Allium sativum)
  • Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina)
  • Potassium-Rich Foods


  • Avoid meat, eggs, table salt, pickles, tea and coffee.
  • Avoid smoking as it increases heart rate.
  • Increase use of garlic, lemon, parsley, Indian gooseberry (amla), watermelon, grapefruit, skim milk and cottage cheese. Regular exercise is one of the best ways to lower blood pressure; brisk walking, jogging, swimming and athletics are good options. Laughter is the best medicine, as it relieves stress and anxiety, which are the main causes of high blood pressure in today’s lifestyle.
  • Make a juice of 3-4 garlic cloves, 10-12 basil leaves, and one-fourth cup of wheat grass. Have once a day.
  • Mix 1 teaspoon of onion juice with an equal amount of honey. Take once a day for 1 week. Upon noticing improvement, continue for several more days.
  • Mix 1 gm of garlic paste with a glass of buttermilk. Drink this buttermilk twice a day.
  • Grind 10 gm of roasted watermelon seeds. Add the powder to 2 cups of water and boil for about 15 minutes. Strain the liquid and consume daily in the morning and evening.